It is a program that includes income resulting from retirement, medical care and death. This program is deemed as one of the largest global programs affiliated to governments. The social security is known as a means that helps provide social care and economic insurance for individuals by relying on government funds. It manages programs that help individuals benefit in the stage of disability, old age and death, and provide insurance against unemployment and the state of being unemployed.
Social security, as a human right, seeks to achieve several basic goals, namely
The Insured: Every person who performs work, whether collectively or individually, or in the unorganized sector of work, and pays the required security contribution to the security fund, in return for any guarantees, compensation bonuses or salaries from the worker's security fund covered by services or social security.
Worker: Every natural person, male or female, who performs his/ her work under the direction of the owner of the facility, and under his/her management, whether by a written, explicit or implicit contract, whether by way of training, testing, or practicing intellectual or physical work in return for a wage of any kind .
Self-employed: Anyone who performs work and does not work for others.
Compensation: All that the fund pays to the insured during the validity of his insured service period in accordance with the law.
Retirement: It is the full or partial salary paid by the fund to the insured, or to the heirs after his/ her death, after the end of his/ her service period, disability, or death.